Risk of Colon Cancer and Recommended Surveillance Strategies in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Wendy Rabbenou, Thomas A. Ullman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Longstanding and extensive ulcerative colitis (UC) are associated with the subsequent development of colorectal cancer (CRC). This article summarizes key strategies for colonoscopic surveillance, the most widely used and evidence-based method of CRC prevention. As currently constituted and practiced, surveillance examinations every 1 to 3 years with lesion detection and removal using high-definition endoscopic systems with or without pancolonic spray-dye chromoendoscopy is the best method for mitigating the development of CRC morbidity and mortality. For patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis with UC, surveillance should begin at the time of diagnosis and colonoscopy should be performed annually.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-807
Number of pages17
JournalGastroenterology clinics of North America
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Chromoendoscopy
  • Colitis-related cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Dysplasia
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Risk of Colon Cancer and Recommended Surveillance Strategies in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this