Regulation of the expression of enzymes involved in the replication of DNA in chemically induced monocytic/macrophagic differentiation of HL-60 leukemia cells

Yixiang Chen, John A. Sokoloski, Edward Chu, Alan C. Sartorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The expression of a number of housekeeping enzymes of DNA biosynthesis was measured in HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells undergoing monocytic/macrophagic differentiation following treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) or 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vitamin D3). Progressive decreases in the steady-state levels of the mRNAs for thymidylate synthase, topoisomerase II, and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase occurred following exposure to TPA or vitamin D3. In contrast, the steady-state levels of the mRNAs for thymidine kinase, topoisomerase I, and DNA polymerase-α did not decrease until days 3-5 of treatment with vitamin D3 and then progressively declined thereafter. The mRNAs for thymidine kinase and topoisomerase I decreased slightly and the mRNA for DNA polymerase-α by 30-40%, and then remained constant between days 1 to 3 of treatment with the phorbol ester. The M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase exhibited an even greater difference, with no change in the steady-state concentration of mRNA over 3 days of exposure to TPA or vitamin D3. On days 5-7 of treatment with vitamin D3, essentially complete loss of the expression of the mRNA for the M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase occurred. Measurement of the enzymatic activities of thymidylate synthase and thymidine kinase in cells exposed to either of the inducers of maturation corroborated the findings at the level of the mRNAs, with corresponding decreases in the activity of these enzymes. The results indicate that the down-regulation of the expression of housekeeping enzymes of DNA replication occurs as late events in HL-60 cells undergoing monocytic/macrophagic differentiation, implying that the decreases in their gene expression are the result of the termination of proliferation rather than an initiating event in the cessation of DNA biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-703
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA biosynthesis
  • HL-60 leukemia
  • Monocytic/macrophagic differentiation
  • TPA
  • Vitamin D
  • mRNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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