Genetic studies in yeast have shown that the translation initiation factor eIF5 plays an important role in the selection of the AUG start codon. In order to ensure translation fidelity, the hydrolysis of GTP bound to the 40S preinitiation complex (40S·Met-tRNAi·eIF2·GTP), promoted by eIF5, must occur only when the complex has selected the AUG start codon. However, the mechanism that prevents the eIF5-promoted GTP hydrolysis, prior to AUG selection by the ribosomal machinery, is not known. In this work, we show that the presence of initiation factors eIF1, eIF1A and eIF3 in the 40S preinitiation complex (40S·eIF1·eIF1A·eIF3·Met- tRNAi·eIF2·GTP) and the subsequent binding of the preinitiation complex to eIF4F bound at the 5′-cap structure of mRNA are necessary for preventing eIF5-promoted hydrolysis of GTP in the 40S preinitiation complex. This block in GTP hydrolysis is released upon AUG selection by the 40S preinitiation complex. These results, taken together, demonstrate the biochemical requirements for regulation of GTP hydrolysis and its coupling to the AUG selection process during translation initiation.
- GTP hydrolysis
- Translation initiation
- Translation initiation factor eIF5
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)