Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors

Daniel G. Pellicci, Andrew J. Clarke, Onisha Patel, Thierry Mallevaey, Travis Beddoe, Jérǒme Le Nours, Adam P. Uldrich, James McCluskey, Gurdyal S. Besra, Steven A. Porcelli, Laurent Gapin, Dale I. Godfrey, Jamie Rossjohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The most potent foreign antigens for natural killer T cells (NKT cells) are α-linked glycolipids, whereas NKT cell self-reactivity involves weaker recognition of structurally distinct β-linked glycolipid antigens. Here we provide the mechanism for the autoreactivity of T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) on NKT cells to the mono-and tri-glycosylated β-linked agonists β-galactosylceramide (β-GalCer) and isoglobotrihexosylceramide (iGb3), respectively. In binding these disparate antigens, the NKT cell TCRs docked onto CD1d similarly, achieving this by flattening the conformation of the β-linked ligands regardless of the size of the glycosyl head group. Unexpectedly, the antigenicity of iGb3 was attributable to its terminal sugar group making compensatory interactions with CD1d. Thus, the NKT cell TCR molds the β-linked self ligands to resemble the conformation of foreign α-linked ligands, which shows that induced-fit molecular mimicry can underpin the self-reactivity of NKT cell TCRs to β-linked antigens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-833
Number of pages7
JournalNature Immunology
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

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Natural Killer T-Cells
Glycolipids
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Antigens
Ligands
Galactosylceramides
Molecular Mimicry
Fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Pellicci, D. G., Clarke, A. J., Patel, O., Mallevaey, T., Beddoe, T., Le Nours, J., ... Rossjohn, J. (2011). Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors. Nature Immunology, 12(9), 827-833. https://doi.org/10.1038/ni.2076

Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors. / Pellicci, Daniel G.; Clarke, Andrew J.; Patel, Onisha; Mallevaey, Thierry; Beddoe, Travis; Le Nours, Jérǒme; Uldrich, Adam P.; McCluskey, James; Besra, Gurdyal S.; Porcelli, Steven A.; Gapin, Laurent; Godfrey, Dale I.; Rossjohn, Jamie.

In: Nature Immunology, Vol. 12, No. 9, 09.2011, p. 827-833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pellicci, DG, Clarke, AJ, Patel, O, Mallevaey, T, Beddoe, T, Le Nours, J, Uldrich, AP, McCluskey, J, Besra, GS, Porcelli, SA, Gapin, L, Godfrey, DI & Rossjohn, J 2011, 'Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors', Nature Immunology, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 827-833. https://doi.org/10.1038/ni.2076
Pellicci DG, Clarke AJ, Patel O, Mallevaey T, Beddoe T, Le Nours J et al. Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors. Nature Immunology. 2011 Sep;12(9):827-833. https://doi.org/10.1038/ni.2076
Pellicci, Daniel G. ; Clarke, Andrew J. ; Patel, Onisha ; Mallevaey, Thierry ; Beddoe, Travis ; Le Nours, Jérǒme ; Uldrich, Adam P. ; McCluskey, James ; Besra, Gurdyal S. ; Porcelli, Steven A. ; Gapin, Laurent ; Godfrey, Dale I. ; Rossjohn, Jamie. / Recognition of β-linked self glycolipids mediated by natural killer T cell antigen receptors. In: Nature Immunology. 2011 ; Vol. 12, No. 9. pp. 827-833.
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