Rat liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase: Properties of phospho- and dephospho- forms and of two mutants in which Ser32 has been changed by site-directed mutagenesis

Irwin J. Kurland, M. Raafat El-Maghrabi, John J. Correia, Simon J. Pilkis

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Abstract

The mechanism by which cAMP-dependent protein kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation modulates the activities of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase was examined after site-specific mutation of the cAMP-dependent phosphorylation site (Ser32) to aspartic acid or alanine. The mutant and wild-type enzymes were overexpressed in Escherichia coli in a rich medium to levels as high as 30 mg/liter and were then purified to homogeneity. The kinetic properties of the Ser32-Ala mutant were identical with the dephosphorylated wild-type bifunctional enzyme. Mutation of Ser32 to aspartic acid mimicked several effects of cAMP-dependent phosphorylation: there was an increase in the Km for fructose 6-phosphate for 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase and an increase in the maximal velocity of fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. Fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase activity of the Ser32-Asp mutant was 75% that of the phosphorylated wild-type enzyme, the mutant's kinase reaction had an identical dependence on fructose 6-phosphate, while its maximum velocity was only 60% that of the phosphorylated wild-type enzyme over a wide pH range. Furthermore, catalytic subunit-catalyzed in vitro phosphorylation of the Ser32-Ala mutant on Ser33 increased the Km for fructose 6-phosphate by 4-fold for the 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase. The results support the hypothesis that Ser32 is an important residue in the regulation of the activities of the bifunctional enzyme and that phosphorylation of Ser32 can be functionally substituted by aspartic acid. The results suggest a role for negative charge in the effect of phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4416-4423
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 5 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Phosphofructokinase-2
Mutagenesis
Phosphorylation
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Liver
Rats
Aspartic Acid
Enzymes
Mutation
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Alanine
Escherichia coli
Catalytic Domain
Phosphotransferases
Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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Rat liver 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase : Properties of phospho- and dephospho- forms and of two mutants in which Ser32 has been changed by site-directed mutagenesis. / Kurland, Irwin J.; Raafat El-Maghrabi, M.; Correia, John J.; Pilkis, Simon J.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 267, No. 7, 05.03.1992, p. 4416-4423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The mechanism by which cAMP-dependent protein kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation modulates the activities of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase was examined after site-specific mutation of the cAMP-dependent phosphorylation site (Ser32) to aspartic acid or alanine. The mutant and wild-type enzymes were overexpressed in Escherichia coli in a rich medium to levels as high as 30 mg/liter and were then purified to homogeneity. The kinetic properties of the Ser32-Ala mutant were identical with the dephosphorylated wild-type bifunctional enzyme. Mutation of Ser32 to aspartic acid mimicked several effects of cAMP-dependent phosphorylation: there was an increase in the Km for fructose 6-phosphate for 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase and an increase in the maximal velocity of fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase. Fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase activity of the Ser32-Asp mutant was 75{\%} that of the phosphorylated wild-type enzyme, the mutant's kinase reaction had an identical dependence on fructose 6-phosphate, while its maximum velocity was only 60{\%} that of the phosphorylated wild-type enzyme over a wide pH range. Furthermore, catalytic subunit-catalyzed in vitro phosphorylation of the Ser32-Ala mutant on Ser33 increased the Km for fructose 6-phosphate by 4-fold for the 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase. The results support the hypothesis that Ser32 is an important residue in the regulation of the activities of the bifunctional enzyme and that phosphorylation of Ser32 can be functionally substituted by aspartic acid. The results suggest a role for negative charge in the effect of phosphorylation.",
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