Racial and ethnic minority medical students' perceptions of and interest in careers in academic medicine

J. P. Sánchez, Lutheria Peters, Elizabeth Lee-Rey, Alvin H. Strelnick, Gwen Garrison, Kehua Zhang, Dennis Spencer, Gezzer Ortega, Baligh Yehia, Anne Berlin, Laura Castillo-Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe diverse medical students' perceptions of and interest in careers in academic medicine. METHOD: In 2010, the authors invited students attending three national medical student conferences to respond to a survey and participate in six focus groups. The authors identified trends in data through bivariate analyses of the quantitative dataset and using a grounded theory approach in their analysis of focus group transcripts. RESULTS: The 601 survey respondents represented 103 U.S. medical schools. The majority (72%) were in their first or second year; 34% were black and 17% were Hispanic. Many respondents (64%) expressed interest in careers in academic medicine; teaching and research were viewed as positive influences on that interest. However, black and Hispanic respondents felt they would have a harder time succeeding in academia. The 73 focus group participants (25% black, 29% Hispanic) described individual- and institutional-level challenges to academic medicine careers and offered recommendations. They desired deliberate and coordinated exposure to academic career paths, research training, clarification of the promotion process, mentorship, protected time for faculty to provide teaching and research training, and an enhanced infrastructure to support diversity and inclusion. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students expressed an early interest in academic medicine but lacked clarity about the career path. Black and Hispanic students' perceptions of having greater difficulty succeeding in academia may be an obstacle to engaging them in the prospective pool of academicians. Strategic and dedicated institutional resources are needed to encourage racial and ethnic minority medical students to explore careers in academic medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1299-1307
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume88
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

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Medical Students
national minority
medical student
Hispanic Americans
career
Medicine
medicine
Focus Groups
Teaching
Research
Students
Mentors
academic career
Group
Medical Schools
grounded theory
promotion
student
inclusion
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Racial and ethnic minority medical students' perceptions of and interest in careers in academic medicine. / Sánchez, J. P.; Peters, Lutheria; Lee-Rey, Elizabeth; Strelnick, Alvin H.; Garrison, Gwen; Zhang, Kehua; Spencer, Dennis; Ortega, Gezzer; Yehia, Baligh; Berlin, Anne; Castillo-Page, Laura.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 88, No. 9, 09.2013, p. 1299-1307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sánchez, JP, Peters, L, Lee-Rey, E, Strelnick, AH, Garrison, G, Zhang, K, Spencer, D, Ortega, G, Yehia, B, Berlin, A & Castillo-Page, L 2013, 'Racial and ethnic minority medical students' perceptions of and interest in careers in academic medicine', Academic Medicine, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 1299-1307. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e31829f87a7
Sánchez, J. P. ; Peters, Lutheria ; Lee-Rey, Elizabeth ; Strelnick, Alvin H. ; Garrison, Gwen ; Zhang, Kehua ; Spencer, Dennis ; Ortega, Gezzer ; Yehia, Baligh ; Berlin, Anne ; Castillo-Page, Laura. / Racial and ethnic minority medical students' perceptions of and interest in careers in academic medicine. In: Academic Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 88, No. 9. pp. 1299-1307.
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