Quercetin completely ameliorates hypoxia–reoxygenation-induced pathophysiology severity in ny1dd transgenic sickle mice: intrinsic mild steady state pathophysiology of the disease in ny1dd is also reversed

Sangeetha Thangaswamy, Craig A. Branch, Kamalakar Ambadipudi, Seetharama A. Acharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is a major complication of sickle cell disease (SCD); thus, strategies to ameliorate vaso-occlusive episodes are greatly needed. We evaluated the therapeutic benefits of quercetin in a SCD transgenic sickle mouse model. This disease model exhibited very mild disease pathophysiology in the steady state. The severity of the disease in the NY1DD mouse was amplified by subjecting mice to 18 h of hypoxia followed by 3 h of reoxygenation. Quercetin (200 mg/kg body weight) administered to hypoxia challenged NY1DD mice in a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) dose at the onset of reoxygenation completely ameliorated all hypoxia reoxygenation (H/R)-induced pathophysiology. Additionally, it ameliorated the mild intrinsic steady state pathophysiology. These results are comparable with those seen with semisynthetic supra plasma expanders. In control mice, C57BL/6J, hypoxia reoxygenation-induced vaso-occlusion was at significantly lower levels than in NY1DD mice, reflecting the role of sickle hemoglobin (HbS) in inducing vaso-occlusion; however, the therapeutic benefits from quercetin were significantly muted. We suggest that these findings represent a unique genotype of the NY1DD mice, i.e., the presence of high oxygen affinity red blood cells (RBCs) with chimeric HbS, composed of mouse α-chain and human βS-chain, as well as human α-chain and mouse β-chain (besides HbS). The anti-anemia therapeutic benefits from high oxygen affinity RBCs in these mice exert disease severity modifications that synergize with the therapeutic benefits of quercetin. Combining the therapeutic benefits of high oxygen affinity RBCs generated in situ by chemical or genetic manipulation with the therapeutic benefits of antiadhesive therapies is a novel approach to treat sickle cell patients with severe pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1473
JournalBiomolecules
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Cremaster postcapillary venules
  • High oxygen affinity RBC
  • Hypoxia reoxygenation
  • Inflammation
  • Leukocyte
  • Quercetin
  • Transgenic sickle mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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