Propofol reduces the incidence of vomiting after tonsillectomy in children

SAMUEL M. BARST, AVRAM MARKOWITZ, YORAM YOSSEFY, ALLAN ABRAMSON, PHILIP LEBOWITZ, ROBERT S. BIENKOWSKI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the effect of a propofol‐based anaesthetic to an isoflurane‐based anaesthetic on the incidence of postoperative vomiting in children following tonsillectomy. Thirty‐nine children were enrolled in the study and randomized to receive one of the proposed anaesthetics. All patients underwent a mask induction with halothane, nitrous oxide, and oxygen. Intravenous access was established and all children received fentanyl (2–4 μg·kg‐1) i.v., mivacurium (0.3 mg·kg‐1) i.v. and acetaminophen (10–15 mg·kg‐1) p.r. Following tracheal intubation, patients received either isoflurane (0.8–1.6%) or propofol (120–180 μg·kg‐1 min‐1) i.v. with nitrous oxide 70%/oxygen 30% for maintenance of anaesthesia. Vital signs were maintained within 20% of baseline. All patients were extubated in the operating room. PACU nursing staff recorded episodes of vomiting for 4–6 h prior to discharge. A telephone interview the following day was also used for data recovery. Age, sex, and duration of the procedure were not significantly different between the two study groups. Of 19 patients who received propofol, four vomited (21%); in contrast, of the 20 patients who received isoflurane, 11 vomited (55%). This difference is significant (P= 0.048 two‐tailed Fisher's Exact Test). These data suggest that using propofol for anaesthesia can diminish the incidence of vomiting following tonsillectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Anesthesia
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

Keywords

  • post tonsillectomy vomiting
  • propofol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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