The mouse Lupo (I282N) mutation in proline-serine-threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 2 (PSTPIP2) leads to reduced expression of PSTPIP2 that is associated with a macrophage-mediated autoinflammatory disease. Another mutation in PSTPIP2, L98P, termed chronic multifocal osteomyelits (cmo), leads to a disease in mice that resembles chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelits in humans. The cellular basis of cmo disease was investigated. cmo disease develops independently of lymphocytes and is cured by bone marrow transplantation. Macrophages, mast cells, and osteoclasts from cmo mice fail to express detectable PSTPIP2 protein. Asymptomatic Pstpip2cmo/cmo mice have increased circulating levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1-α and interleukin-6, and their macrophages exhibit increased production of these inflammatory mediators, which is normalized by retroviral expression of wild-type PSTPIP2. Spleens of asymptomatic cmo mice contain increased numbers of macrophage precursors, and cmo mice mobilize more macrophage precursors in response to a sterile inflammatory stimulus. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 is elevated in cmo splenic macrophages, which also exhibit increased colony-stimulating factor-1-stimulated proliferation and increased extracellular signalregulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation. PSTPIP2 overexpression in macrophages leads to the opposite phenotype. Thus, PSTPIP2 deficiency causes both an expansion of macrophage progenitors and increased responsiveness of mature macrophages to activating stimuli, which together prime the organism for exaggerated and sustained responses leading to autoinflammatory disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology