Prediction of electrophysiologic study results in patients treated with amiodarone

Kevin J. Ferrick, Sardul Singh, James A. Roth, Soo G. Kim, John D. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

to identify whether electrophysiologic study results during early-phase amiodarone therapy can be predicted by previous electrophysiologic study, wer reviewed the electrophysiologic data of 50 patients with inducible sustained ventricular arrhythmias who underwent 4.3 ± 1.3 drug trials before being given amiodarone. Study results during testing with agents of the modified Vaughan Williams la classification were compared with data obtained after 2 weeks of amiodarone therapy. Partial response by electrophysiologic study was defined as well-tolerated ventricular tachycardia <150 beats/min associated with a blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg. Significant slowing in the rate of induced ventricular tachycardia was seen during therapy with both la agents and amiodarone, although there was a trend toward greater slowing during amiodarone treatment (180 ± 45 beats/min vs 164 ± 65 beats/min; p = 0.09). Two of three patients with noninducible ventricular tachycardia during amiodarone showed profound ventricular tachycardia slowing during la therapy. Thirty-eight of 50 patients demonstrated concordance of electrophysiologic study results with regard to achieving partial response criteria. Twenty patients died during a mean follow-up period of 37 ± 39 months; 7 of the 10 sudden deaths occurred in patients who did not meet partial response criteria. We conclude that patients with inducible sustained ventricular arrhythmias failing serial drug testing with la agents only rarely have their ventricular tachycardia suppressed during amiodarone therapy. Partial response criteria are often concordant between testing on agents of the la classification and amiodarone, and there was no significant difference in survival in patients based on their partial response status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-501
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume129
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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