Pre-operative Risk Stratification Update for Cardiac and Major Vascular Surgery

Fiore V. Toscano, Andrey Apinis, Jonathan D. Leff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Pre-operative risk stratification of patients for cardiac and major vascular procedures remains an evolving process. There are several models that generate risk scores and estimate post-operative morbidity and mortality outcomes. In addition to predicting outcomes, risk stratification can guide the need for further perioperative investigations and also assist in providing individualized therapy. An ideal model for risk stratification is one with not only good validity but is also reproducible. The risk stratification system needs to be applicable across diverse patient populations and hospital practice. In this article, we review various pre-operative risk stratification models and access their usefulness for cardiac and major vascular surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-451
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Anesthesiology Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Cardiovascular anesthesia
  • Pre-operative
  • Risk models
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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