Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk

Piet A. Van Den Brandt, Donna Spiegelman, Shiaw Shyuan Yaun, Hans Olov Adami, Lawrence Beeson, Aaron R. Folsom, Gary Fraser, R. Alexandra Goldbohm, Saxon Graham, Larry Kushi, James R. Marshall, Anthony B. Miller, Thomas E. Rohan, Stephanie A. Smith-Warner, Frank E. Speizer, Walter C. Willett, Alicja Wolk, David J. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

682 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association between anthropometric indices and the risk of breast cancer was analyzed using pooled data from seven prospective cohort studies. Together, these cohorts comprise 337,819 women and 4,385 incident invasive breast cancer cases. In multivariate analyses controlling for reproductive, dietary, and other risk factors, the pooled relative risk (RR) of breast cancer per height increment of 5 cm was 1.02 (95% confidence interval (Cl): 0.96, 1.10) in premenopausal women and 1.07 (95% Cl: 1.03, 1.12) in postmenopausal women. Body mass index (BMI) showed significant inverse and positive associations with breast cancer among pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively; these associations were nonlinear. Compared with premenopausal women with a BMI of less than 21 kg/m2, women with a BMI exceeding 31 kg/m2 had an RR of 0.54 (95% Cl: 0.34, 0.85). In postmenopausal women, the RRs did not increase further when BMI exceeded 28 kg/m2; the RR for these women was 1.26 (95% Cl: 1.09, 1.46). The authors found little evidence for interaction with other breast cancer risk factors. Their data indicate that height is an independent risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer; in premenopausal women, this relation is less clear. The association between BMI and breast cancer varies by menopausal status. Weight control may reduce the risk among postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-527
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume152
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Breast Neoplasms
Weights and Measures
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Body height
  • Body weight
  • Breast neoplasms
  • Prospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Van Den Brandt, P. A., Spiegelman, D., Yaun, S. S., Adami, H. O., Beeson, L., Folsom, A. R., ... Hunter, D. J. (2000). Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk. American Journal of Epidemiology, 152(6), 514-527. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/152.6.514

Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk. / Van Den Brandt, Piet A.; Spiegelman, Donna; Yaun, Shiaw Shyuan; Adami, Hans Olov; Beeson, Lawrence; Folsom, Aaron R.; Fraser, Gary; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra; Graham, Saxon; Kushi, Larry; Marshall, James R.; Miller, Anthony B.; Rohan, Thomas E.; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A.; Speizer, Frank E.; Willett, Walter C.; Wolk, Alicja; Hunter, David J.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 152, No. 6, 15.09.2000, p. 514-527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Den Brandt, PA, Spiegelman, D, Yaun, SS, Adami, HO, Beeson, L, Folsom, AR, Fraser, G, Goldbohm, RA, Graham, S, Kushi, L, Marshall, JR, Miller, AB, Rohan, TE, Smith-Warner, SA, Speizer, FE, Willett, WC, Wolk, A & Hunter, DJ 2000, 'Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 152, no. 6, pp. 514-527. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/152.6.514
Van Den Brandt PA, Spiegelman D, Yaun SS, Adami HO, Beeson L, Folsom AR et al. Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2000 Sep 15;152(6):514-527. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/152.6.514
Van Den Brandt, Piet A. ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Yaun, Shiaw Shyuan ; Adami, Hans Olov ; Beeson, Lawrence ; Folsom, Aaron R. ; Fraser, Gary ; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra ; Graham, Saxon ; Kushi, Larry ; Marshall, James R. ; Miller, Anthony B. ; Rohan, Thomas E. ; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A. ; Speizer, Frank E. ; Willett, Walter C. ; Wolk, Alicja ; Hunter, David J. / Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2000 ; Vol. 152, No. 6. pp. 514-527.
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