Tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1) and TSC2 are suppressors of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). mTOR is the major component of two protein complexes: mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTORC2. Inactive mutation of either TSC1 or TSC2 unleashes mTOR signaling and consequently causes TSC, a benign tumor syndrome affecting multiple organs. We report here that expression of αB-crystallin was upregulated in Tsc1-/- or Tsc2-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts, Eker rat uterine leiomyoma-derived Tsc2-deficient ELT3 cells, mutant Tsc2-associated mouse kidney tumors, and human lung lymphangioleiomyomatosis nodules. αB-crystallin was transcriptionally activated by mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2): nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB) signaling cascade. The augmented αB-crystallin was critical for the migration, invasion and apoptotic resistance of Tsc2-defective cells. Disruption of αB-crystallin suppressed Tsc2-null cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Therefore, enhanced αB-crystallin has an essential role in TSC1/2 complex deficiency-mediated tumorigenesis, and inhibition of αB-crystallin may complement the current therapy for TSC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Aug 21 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research