Perceived discrimination among severely disadvantaged people with HIV infection

Nancy Sohler, Xuan Li, Chinazo O. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Studies continue to document that people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) experience discrimination in their interactions with the health-care system, which can have negative implications for maintaining continuity in care and outcomes. We explored the patient characteristics associated with perceived discrimination and whether these experiences are associated with health-care system quality ratings in a survey of severely disadvantaged people with HIV who are at great risk of inconsistent access to appropriate health care. Methods. Five hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from temporary housing facilities for people with HIV in the New York City area and administered a survey using audio computer-assisted self-interviewing technology. Results. Of the 207 participants (39.6%) who reported experiencing discrimination in the health-care system, the most common attributions were HIV infection (n=122, 59.8%), drug use (n=100, 49.8%), homelessness (n=71, 34.6%), and race/ethnicity (n569, 35.2%). Length of time HIV infected, use of non-prescription opioids, white race, higher education, female gender, younger age, and poorer self-reported health status were all significantly associated with greater odds of perceived discrimination. After adjusting for participant characteristics, perceived discrimination was significantly associated with poorer participant ratings of quality of health care. Conclusions. Members of this vulnerable population commonly report experiences of discrimination from within the health-care system and these experiences are associated with poor health-care ratings. These findings support the need for closer examination of the adequacy of cultural competency training within the HIV health-care delivery system to improve access to appropriate care for disadvantaged people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume122
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2007

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Vulnerable Populations
Virus Diseases
HIV
Delivery of Health Care
Cultural Competency
Homeless Persons
Health Services Accessibility
Continuity of Patient Care
Quality of Health Care
Opioid Analgesics
Health Status
Technology
Education
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Perceived discrimination among severely disadvantaged people with HIV infection. / Sohler, Nancy; Li, Xuan; Cunningham, Chinazo O.

In: Public Health Reports, Vol. 122, No. 3, 05.2007, p. 347-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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