Patterns of Upper Airway Obstruction on Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy in Patients with Sleep-Disordered Breathing with AHI <5

Sam Spinowitz, Mimi Kim, Steven Y. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the patterns of upper airway obstruction in patients with sleep-disordered breathing with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) <5 using drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods: Inclusion of patients with sleep-disordered breathing with AHI <5 on polysomnography who underwent DISE. Patients <18 years of age were excluded. DISE findings were reported with the VOTEL classification system: the level of collapse was described as occurring at the velum, oropharynx, tongue base, epiglottis, and the lingual tonsils. The degree of collapse was reported as complete, partial, or none. The pattern of the obstruction was described as anteroposterior, lateral, or concentric when applicable. Results: A total of 54 patients with sleep-disordered breathing with AHI <5 underwent DISE. Ages ranged from 19 to 65 years. DISE was performed alone in 7% (n = 4) of patients and in conjunction with surgery in 93% (n = 50) of patients. The velum was the most frequent site of upper airway obstruction (85%, n = 46), followed by base of tongue (63%, n = 34), epiglottis (39%, n = 21), lingual tonsils (35%, n = 19), and oropharynx (31%, n = 17). Eighty-three percent (n = 45) of patients had multiple levels of upper airway obstruction, and 15% (n = 8) had a single level of upper airway obstruction. Conclusion: Patients with sleep-disordered breathing with AHI <5 have significant upper airway obstruction as seen on DISE. DISE findings indicate that a majority of these patients have multiple levels of upper airway obstruction, which can lead to significant symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOTO Open
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • drug-induced sleep endoscopy
  • normal AHI
  • sleep-disordered breathing
  • upper airway obstruction
  • upper airway resistance syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

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