The field of pediatric ventricular assist device (VAD) support has expanded significantly over the past 20 years, with one third of pediatric heart transplant recipients currently being bridged to transplant with a VAD. Despite increased pediatric VAD utilization, however, there remains little formalized guidance for patient or device selection. The population of children with advanced heart failure is quite heterogeneous, and the available data suggest that VAD outcomes vary significantly based upon patient size, anatomy, level of illness, and type of device implanted. In an effort to better understand current practice patterns and identify populations for whom there does not appear to be a consensus approach to achieving optimal VAD outcomes, the Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving Outcomes Network (ACTION) has surveyed clinical decision-making among member sites and conducted a review of the available literature regarding patient population-specific VAD outcomes and center-specific practices related to patient and device selection. Rather than aiming to provide clinical guidelines, this document offers an overview of contemporary approaches to patient and device selection, highlighting specific populations for whom there is not a consensus approach to achieving reliably good VAD outcomes, as these populations may benefit most from future research and quality improvement efforts directed toward identifying best practice.
- Heart failure
- Mechanical circulatory support
- Ventricular assist device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine