Outcomes With Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in Patients With Programmed Death-Ligand 1–Positive NSCLC With Brain Metastases: Pooled Analysis of KEYNOTE-001, 010, 024, and 042

Aaron S. Mansfield, Roy S. Herbst, Gilberto de Castro, Rina Hui, Nir Peled, Dong Wan Kim, Silvia Novello, Miyako Satouchi, Yi Long Wu, Edward B. Garon, Martin Reck, Andrew G. Robinson, Ayman Samkari, Bilal Piperdi, Victoria Ebiana, Jianxin Lin, Tony S.K. Mok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: We retrospectively evaluated outcomes in patients with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive NSCLC to determine whether baseline (i.e., at study enrollment) brain metastases were associated with the efficacy of pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy. Methods: We pooled the data for patients with previously treated or untreated PD-L1‒positive (tumor proportion score [TPS], ≥1%) advanced metastatic NSCLC in KEYNOTE-001 (NCT01295827), KEYNOTE-010 (NCT01905657), KEYNOTE-024 (NCT02142738), and KEYNOTE-042 (NCT02220894). Patients received pembrolizumab (2 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, or 200 mg every 3 wk or 10 mg/kg every 2 wk); chemotherapy was a comparator in all studies except KEYNOTE-001. All studies included patients with previously treated, stable brain metastases. Results: A total of 3170 patients were included, 293 (9.2%) with and 2877 (90.8%) without baseline brain metastases; median (range) follow-up at data cutoff was 12.9 (0.1‒43.7) months. Pembrolizumab improved overall survival versus chemotherapy in patients with or without baseline brain metastases: benefit was seen in patients with PD-L1 TPS greater than or equal to 50% (0.67 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.44‒1.02] and 0.66 [95% CI: 0.58‒0.76], respectively) and PD-L1 TPS ≥1% (0.83 [95% CI: 0.62‒1.10] and 0.78 [95% CI: 0.71‒0.85], respectively). Progression-free survival was improved, objective response rates were higher, and the duration of response was longer with pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy regardless of brain metastasis status. The incidence of treatment-related adverse events with pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy was 66.3% versus 84.4% in patients with brain metastases and 67.2% versus 88.3% in those without. Conclusions: Pembrolizumab monotherapy improved outcomes and was associated with fewer adverse events than chemotherapy in patients with treatment-naive and previously treated PD-L1‒positive advanced/metastatic NSCLC regardless of the presence of baseline treated, stable brain metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100205
JournalJTO Clinical and Research Reports
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Chemotherapy
  • Non‒small-cell lung cancer
  • PD-L1
  • Pembrolizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes With Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in Patients With Programmed Death-Ligand 1–Positive NSCLC With Brain Metastases: Pooled Analysis of KEYNOTE-001, 010, 024, and 042'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this