Outcomes of junctional ectopic tachycardia ablation in adult population—a multicenter experience

Tawseef Dar, Mohit K. Turagam, Bharath Yarlagadda, Valay Parikh, Jayasree Pillarisetti, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Carola Gianni, Sanghamitra Mohanty, Moussa Mansour, Luigi Di Biase, T. Jared Bunch, Andrea Natale, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Idiopathic junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is typically refractory to antiarrhythmic agents. Catheter ablation for JET is feasible but is associated with high risk of unintended atrioventricular (AV) block. There is limited data on the appropriate procedural technique and clinical outcomes with catheter ablation for idiopathic JET in adults. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective study of all adult patients (age ≥ 18 years) who underwent catheter ablation for idiopathic JET. Patient, procedural characteristics, and long-term outcomes were evaluated. Results: Fifteen patients [radiofrequency ablation (RF) = 14 and cryoablation = 1) were treated with catheter ablation. The median age was 58 years with 67% males. All patients underwent mapping of the right atrium and the aortic cusps prior to energy delivery. The location of earliest activation in relation to the atrioventricular (AV) node was postero-superior in 73% (11/15), posterior in 13% (2/15), and superior in 13% (2/15) respectively. Acute success was 100%. Arrhythmia recurrence occurred in 53% (8/15) all of whom underwent a repeat ablation. High-grade AV block requiring permanent pacemaker occurred in 20% (3/15). At 12-month follow-up in the redo-ablation group, 37.5% (3/8) had recurrence of the arrhythmia two of which underwent a third ablation procedure. Conclusion: Catheter ablation of idiopathic JET in adults is associated with a high rate of recurrence requiring multiple procedures and high risk of AV block requiring a permanent pacemaker. Mapping and ablation of the non-coronary cusp can be considered as the arrhythmia was controlled in 3 patients with no inadvertent AV block.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • AVNRT
  • Catheter ablation
  • Cryoablation
  • Junctional ectopic tachycardia
  • Supraventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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