Opioid-free anesthesia for adenotonsillectomy in children

Glenn E. Mann, Steven Z. Flamer, Singh Nair, James N. Maher, Brandon Cowan, Agathe Streiff, David Adams, Naum Shaparin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Opioids are administered during the intraoperative and postoperative periods in pediatric adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. Non-opioid analgesics are often used as an analgesic during pediatric adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. In this hypothesis generating study, we are evaluating safety and efficacy of stand-alone opioid analgesia for adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective chart review of patients ages 2 to 13 who underwent elective adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. We used a convenience sampling method to select patients who received intraoperative intravenous fentanyl, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or any combination thereof. The following outcomes were analyzed in this study: (i) the length of Post Anesthesia Care Unit stay, (ii) administration of postoperative opioids; (iii) postoperative opioid equivalents required; (iv) administration of postoperative non-opioid analgesics; and (v) inpatient admission from ED within 30 days. We used univariate analysis to compare the data points. Results: We analyzed data from 323 patients who underwent adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. The Post Anesthesia Care Unit length stay was similar for the intraoperative opioid-free and intraoperative opioid groups, 146.68 (±67.35) and 143.18 (±37.85) minutes, respectively (p = 0.586). Additionally, 102 patients (73.4%) in the intraoperative opioid-free group and 184 patients (83.2%) in the intraoperative opioid group did not receive any postoperative opioids (p = 0.033). The incidence of adverse events was similar between the intraoperative opioid-free and intraoperative opioid groups 3 (2.2%) and 5 (2.7%) respectively, p-value 0.749. A subgroup analysis comparing extracapsular 235 (72.8%) versus intracapsular 88 (27.2%) tonsillectomy yielded similar results. Conclusion: In this study, our data indicates that American Society of Anesthesiologists I– II pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy can be efficiently and safely managed with an opioid-free intraoperative and postoperative analgesic regimen. Due to the explained limitations, our study results should be interpreted cautiously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110501
JournalInternational journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
Volume140
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Non-opioid
  • Opioid
  • Pain
  • Tonsillectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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