Introduction: Opioids are administered during the intraoperative and postoperative periods in pediatric adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. Non-opioid analgesics are often used as an analgesic during pediatric adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. In this hypothesis generating study, we are evaluating safety and efficacy of stand-alone opioid analgesia for adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. Methods: This is a single-center retrospective chart review of patients ages 2 to 13 who underwent elective adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. We used a convenience sampling method to select patients who received intraoperative intravenous fentanyl, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or any combination thereof. The following outcomes were analyzed in this study: (i) the length of Post Anesthesia Care Unit stay, (ii) administration of postoperative opioids; (iii) postoperative opioid equivalents required; (iv) administration of postoperative non-opioid analgesics; and (v) inpatient admission from ED within 30 days. We used univariate analysis to compare the data points. Results: We analyzed data from 323 patients who underwent adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy. The Post Anesthesia Care Unit length stay was similar for the intraoperative opioid-free and intraoperative opioid groups, 146.68 (±67.35) and 143.18 (±37.85) minutes, respectively (p = 0.586). Additionally, 102 patients (73.4%) in the intraoperative opioid-free group and 184 patients (83.2%) in the intraoperative opioid group did not receive any postoperative opioids (p = 0.033). The incidence of adverse events was similar between the intraoperative opioid-free and intraoperative opioid groups 3 (2.2%) and 5 (2.7%) respectively, p-value 0.749. A subgroup analysis comparing extracapsular 235 (72.8%) versus intracapsular 88 (27.2%) tonsillectomy yielded similar results. Conclusion: In this study, our data indicates that American Society of Anesthesiologists I– II pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy can be efficiently and safely managed with an opioid-free intraoperative and postoperative analgesic regimen. Due to the explained limitations, our study results should be interpreted cautiously.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology|
|State||Published - Jan 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health