Twenty-two patients aged 20 to 82 years (average 56 years) were followed for 1.1 to 8.9 years (average 3.3 years) after open reduction and internal fixation of two- and three-part displaced surgical neck fractures of the proximal humerus. There were 14 two-part displaced surgical neck fractures, seven three-part displaced greater tuberosity and surgical neck fractures, and one three-part displaced lesser tuberosity and surgical neck fracture. Fixation was achieved with heavy nonabsorbable sutures or wire that incorporated the rotator cuff tendons, tuberosities, and shaft. In cases with significant surgical neck comminution, humeral Enders nails were incorporated in a tension-band construct to provide longitudinal stability. Eighteen (82%) of the 22 patients had good or excellent results. Three (14%) of the 22 had satisfactory results, and one (5%) had an unsatisfactory result. The use of a technique of limited internal fixation for these displaced fractures without the use of plates and screws achieved fracture stability and a high percentage of acceptable results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine