Background: data from clinical experiences with Absorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) in STEMI raised concerns among clinicians about the device safety because a noteworthy scaffold thrombosis (ScT) rate was reported at early and long-term follow-up. Nevertheless, pre-specified technical suggestions of how to perform an optimal BRS procedure in STEMI were lacking. In this study we sought to assess the 1-year results following a pre-specified BRS implantation strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary PCI (pPCI). Methods: This is a prospective, multicenter study on 505 STEMI patients undergoing pPCI with Absorb following a dedicated implantation protocol. The primary end-point (a device oriented composite end-point (DOCE) of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR) within 30 days) was already reported. We here present DOCE, its singular components and ScT rates (secondary end-points) at 1-year. Results: According to the study protocol direct Absorb implantation was feasible in 47 (9.3%) patients while post-dilatation was performed in 468 (92.7%) cases. The hierarchical DOCE rate at 1-year was 1.2% (0.4% cardiac death, 0.4% TV-MI and 0.8% ID-TLR) versus 0.6% at 30-day. Two episodes (0.4%) of ScT (one probable subacute and one late definite) were reported. At 1-year, 99.2% patients were on dual antiplatelet therapy (95% with ticagrelor or prasugrel). Conclusions: A pre-specified Absorb implantation strategy in STEMI patients was associated with persistent low DOCE and ScT rates at 1-year. Longer term follow-up is needed to assess the role of this strategy on preventing very-late events (NCT02601781).
- Bioresorbable scaffold
- Primary PCI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine