Obstructive sleep apnea risk and psychological health among non-Hispanic blacks in the Metabolic Syndrome Outcome (MetSO) cohort study

Mirnova E. Ceïde, Natasha J. Williams, Azizi Seixas, Samantha K. Longman-Mills, Girardin Jean-Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction This study assessed associations of depression and anxiety with risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among non-Hispanic blacks in the Metabolic Syndrome Outcome (MetSO) study. Method A total of 1,035 patients participated. ARES™ score ≥6 defined high OSA risk. Moderate depression was defined by a CES-D score≥16. Moderate anxiety was measured by a BAI score≥16. Results The mean age was 62 ± 14 years; 70% were female. A total of 93% were diagnosed with hypertension; 61%, diabetes; and 72%, dyslipidemia; 90% were overweight/obese; 33% had a history of heart disease; and 10% had a stroke. Logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age and gender, showed that patients with depression had nearly two-fold increased odds of being at risk for OSA (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.02-2.98, p<0.05). Patients with anxiety had three-fold increased odds of being at risk for OSA (OR 3.30, 95% CI 2.11-5.15, p<0.01). After adjusting for marital status and income, patients with anxiety had a 6% increase in OSA risk (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.04-1.09, p<0.05), but depression was no longer significant. Conclusion Our results suggest that non-Hispanic blacks with metabolic syndrome who experience anxiety and/or depression should be screened for OSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-693
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Medicine
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Non-Hispanic blacks
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Psychological health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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