Attempts to alleviate the pain attributed to degeneration of the nucleus pulposus using replacement or reinforcement techniques dating back to the 1950s are reviewed. The various materials and their insertion techniques are discussed as are results available from early clinical experiences. These techniques are in evolution and clinical outcomes will be necessary to establish the efficacy of these approaches.
- Nucleus replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology