There is increasing evidence that the neurotrophins, particularly nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), play a role in the regulation of glial development in the CONS. Recent studies have shown that the proliferation of optic nerve-derived O2A progenitors (OLPs) is potentiated by NT-3 in combination with platelet-derived growth factor, whereas NT-3 alone supports the survival of their differentiated progeny (Barres et al., 1994). In this study, we have examined the expression of the high affinity neurotrophin receptors (trks) and the low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor p75 in developing oligodendrocytes (OLs). In addition, we have examined the effects of NGF and NT-3 on proliferation end survival of OLPs and OLs, respectively. TrkC, the high-affinity NT-3 receptor, and trKA, the high-affinity NGF receptor, are both expressed from the early OLP through the mature OL stage. The truncated form of trkB, lacking the tyrosine kinase domain, and the low-affinity neurotrophin receptor p75 are expressed at low levels in OLPs and are upregulated in mature OLs. NGF and NT-3 both induced the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in OLPs and in OLs. In both OLPs and OLs, NT-3 sustained the activation of MAPK more than NGF. NT-3 enhanced the proliferation of OLPs and supported the survival of OLs. By contrast, unless coadministered with FGF-2, NGF did not exhibit mitogenic effects on OLPs but did enhance the survival of differentiated OLs. Our data demonstrate the presence of functional trkA and trkC in developing OLs and indicate that both NGF and NT-3 have a broad spectrum of developmental actions on cells of the OL lineage.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1996|
- MAP kinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas