Multicenter Evaluation of the Cepheid Xpert GBS LB XC Test

Phyu M. Thwe, Matthew L. Faron, David T. Pride, Amorina Cruz, Derek Gerstbrein, Karen A. Nahmod, Lindsay Bigham, Xiaotang Du, Xixi Lu, Stephanie Moya, Ping Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Early-onset neonatal sepsis due to Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus [GBS]) infection is one of the leading causes of newborn mortality and morbidity. The latest guidelines published in 2019 recommended universal screening of GBS colonization among all pregnant women and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for positive GBS. The updated procedures allow rapid molecular-based GBS screening using nutrient broth-enriched rectovaginal samples. Commercially available molecular assays for GBS diagnosis target mainly the cfb gene, which encodes a hemolysin protein responsible for producing the Christie-Atkins-Munch-Petersen (CAMP) factor. cfb is considered a conserved gene in essentially all GBS isolates. However, false-negative GBS results on Cepheid Xpert GBS and GBS LB tests due to deletions in or near the region that encodes cfb were reported recently. Therefore, the new Xpert GBS LB XC test was developed. This study is a multicenter evaluation of the new test for GBS identification from nutrient broth-enriched rectal/vaginal samples from antepartum women. A total of 621 samples were prospectively enrolled. The samples were tested with the Xpert GBS LB XC test, the composite comparator method, which included the Hologic Panther Fusion GBS test combined with bacterial culture, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) identification, and bacterial culture alone, followed by MALDI-TOF MS identification. The respective sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert GBS LB XC test were 99.3% and 98.7% compared to the composite comparator method and 99.1% and 91.8% compared to bacterial culture alone with MALDI-TOF MS identification. Overall, the Xpert GBS LB XC test performed comparatively to the composite comparator method and is equivalent to traditional bacterial culture followed by MALDI-TOF MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume60
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Xpert GBS LB XC test
  • group B Streptococcus (GBS)
  • sensitivity
  • specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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