Mortality trends and disparities among racial/ethnic and sex subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000

Katherine Freeman, Joel Zonszein, Nadia Islam, Arthur E. Blank, Alvin H. Strelnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New York City census data for 1990 and 2000 for all-cause and disease-specific mortality adjusted by age were examined by race/ethnicity. Primary cause of death was coded as HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. For White, Black, Hispanic and Asian groups, relative mortality ratios (RMR) were derived for 2000 relative to 1990. Ratios of RMR's for minority groups were derived relative to Whites. From 1990 to 2000, HIV, cancer, CVD, CHD, AMI, and stroke-related mortality decreased. Decreases in HIV-related mortality were notably less for minority males. Diabetes mortality rates rose dramatically, with Hispanic and Asian males having notably greater increases than White males. Increases in mortality among Asians exceeded those of other groups, and appear to correspond with increased immigration/acculturation. Mortality shifts among different diseases and racial groups should alert public health officials to consider immigration patterns in designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent disease-related mortality, with a goal to eliminate disparities

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-554
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Mortality
Emigration and Immigration
HIV
Hispanic Americans
Stroke
Acculturation
Minority Groups
Censuses
Coronary Disease
Cause of Death
Neoplasms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cardiovascular Diseases
Public Health
Myocardial Infarction

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Immigration
  • Mortality
  • Mortality ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mortality trends and disparities among racial/ethnic and sex subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000. / Freeman, Katherine; Zonszein, Joel; Islam, Nadia; Blank, Arthur E.; Strelnick, Alvin H.

In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 13, No. 3, 06.2011, p. 546-554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{880514b2b0524ed0b2378d307ab193b1,
title = "Mortality trends and disparities among racial/ethnic and sex subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000",
abstract = "New York City census data for 1990 and 2000 for all-cause and disease-specific mortality adjusted by age were examined by race/ethnicity. Primary cause of death was coded as HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. For White, Black, Hispanic and Asian groups, relative mortality ratios (RMR) were derived for 2000 relative to 1990. Ratios of RMR's for minority groups were derived relative to Whites. From 1990 to 2000, HIV, cancer, CVD, CHD, AMI, and stroke-related mortality decreased. Decreases in HIV-related mortality were notably less for minority males. Diabetes mortality rates rose dramatically, with Hispanic and Asian males having notably greater increases than White males. Increases in mortality among Asians exceeded those of other groups, and appear to correspond with increased immigration/acculturation. Mortality shifts among different diseases and racial groups should alert public health officials to consider immigration patterns in designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent disease-related mortality, with a goal to eliminate disparities",
keywords = "Disparities, Immigration, Mortality, Mortality ratio",
author = "Katherine Freeman and Joel Zonszein and Nadia Islam and Blank, {Arthur E.} and Strelnick, {Alvin H.}",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10903-010-9345-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "546--554",
journal = "Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health",
issn = "1557-1912",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mortality trends and disparities among racial/ethnic and sex subgroups in New York City, 1990 to 2000

AU - Freeman, Katherine

AU - Zonszein, Joel

AU - Islam, Nadia

AU - Blank, Arthur E.

AU - Strelnick, Alvin H.

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - New York City census data for 1990 and 2000 for all-cause and disease-specific mortality adjusted by age were examined by race/ethnicity. Primary cause of death was coded as HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. For White, Black, Hispanic and Asian groups, relative mortality ratios (RMR) were derived for 2000 relative to 1990. Ratios of RMR's for minority groups were derived relative to Whites. From 1990 to 2000, HIV, cancer, CVD, CHD, AMI, and stroke-related mortality decreased. Decreases in HIV-related mortality were notably less for minority males. Diabetes mortality rates rose dramatically, with Hispanic and Asian males having notably greater increases than White males. Increases in mortality among Asians exceeded those of other groups, and appear to correspond with increased immigration/acculturation. Mortality shifts among different diseases and racial groups should alert public health officials to consider immigration patterns in designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent disease-related mortality, with a goal to eliminate disparities

AB - New York City census data for 1990 and 2000 for all-cause and disease-specific mortality adjusted by age were examined by race/ethnicity. Primary cause of death was coded as HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. For White, Black, Hispanic and Asian groups, relative mortality ratios (RMR) were derived for 2000 relative to 1990. Ratios of RMR's for minority groups were derived relative to Whites. From 1990 to 2000, HIV, cancer, CVD, CHD, AMI, and stroke-related mortality decreased. Decreases in HIV-related mortality were notably less for minority males. Diabetes mortality rates rose dramatically, with Hispanic and Asian males having notably greater increases than White males. Increases in mortality among Asians exceeded those of other groups, and appear to correspond with increased immigration/acculturation. Mortality shifts among different diseases and racial groups should alert public health officials to consider immigration patterns in designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent disease-related mortality, with a goal to eliminate disparities

KW - Disparities

KW - Immigration

KW - Mortality

KW - Mortality ratio

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79957471889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79957471889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10903-010-9345-5

DO - 10.1007/s10903-010-9345-5

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 546

EP - 554

JO - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

JF - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

SN - 1557-1912

IS - 3

ER -