Myosin II, the conventional two-headed myosin that forms bipolar filaments, is directly involved in regulating cytokinesis, cell motility and cell morphology in nonmuscle cells. To understand the mechanisms by which nonmuscle myosin-II regulates these processes, investigators are now looking at the regulation of this molecule in vertebrate nonmuscle cells. The identification of multiple isoforms of nonmuscle myosin-II, whose activities and regulation differ from that of smooth muscle myosin-II, suggests that, in addition to regulatory light chain phosphorylation, other regulatory mechanisms control vertebrate nonmuscle myosin-II activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology