Phosphorylation of hormone receptors by protein kinase C (PKC) may be involved in the regulation of receptor recycling. We have studied the recycling and the phosphorylation state of the insulin growth factor (IGF) II/mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P) receptor in microvascular endothelial cells from rat adipose tissue. Scatchard analysis showed these cells have over 2 x 106 receptors/cell with an affinity constant of 1 x 109 M-1. In the presence of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), an activator of PKC and analog of diacylglycerol, IGF-II receptor number increased in the plasma membrane by 60% without changes in the binding affinity. This increase in cell surface receptor number was confirmed by affinity cross-linking and 125I-surface labeling studies, occurred with a half-time of 20 min, and was reversible upon withdrawal of PMA. The redistribution of IGF-II/Man-6-P receptors was not due to an inhibition of internalization which was in fact stimulated by PMA. The effect of PMA on IGF-II receptor recycling correlated with its stimulation of PKC activity. Furthermore, after down-regulation of cellular PKC levels by preincubation with PMA, PMA was unable to activate residual PKC activity in the membranous pool or increase IGF-II receptor number at the cell surface. The phosphorylation state of the IGF-II/Man-6-P receptor was determined by 32P labeling of intact cells and immunoprecipitation with anti-receptor antibodies. In the basal state, the receptor was phosphorylated only on serine residues which was increased by 75% after treatment with PMA. In contrast, IGF-II decreased receptor phosphorylation and plasma membrane binding in a parallel and dose-dependent manner. Thus, PKC-stimulated serine phosphorylation of IGF-II/Man-6-P receptor may promote the translocation of the receptor to the cell surface, whereas IGF-II-stimulated dephosphorylation of the receptor may lead to a decrease in the number of cell surface receptors. These data suggest a role for PKC-mediated serine phosphorylation in the regulation of intracellular trafficking of receptors in the endothelial cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology