Background: The use of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) to treat advanced heart failure is increasing. Although risk scores, such as Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and the HeartMate II Risk Score, require the use of the international normalized ratio, many patients are on anticoagulation before CF-LVAD implantation. This study evaluated the ability of the Model of End-Stage Liver Disease-eXcluding International Normalized Ratio (MELD-XI) scoring system to predict clinical outcomes in patients with advanced heart failure who undergo CF-LVAD implantation. Methods: A single-center retrospective review was performed of 524 patients who were implanted with the HeartMate II LVAD (Thoratec Corporation, Pleasanton, CA) or the HeartWare HVAD (HeartWare International Inc, Framingham, MA) between 2004 and 2016. Patients were stratified into two cohorts: those with a MELD-XI score of less than 14 (n = 301) and 14 or higher (n = 223). Results: Patients with the higher-risk MELD-XI score of 14 or higher demonstrated lower survival rates at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months (p < 0.001 for all) and increased risk of early right heart failure and infections compared with patients with MELD-XI score of less than 14. MELD-XI was not significantly inferior at predicting 90-day mortality compared with the HeartMate II Risk Score (p = 0.92). Patients with elevated MELD-XI scores at follow-up demonstrated higher rates of mortality. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a MELD-XI score of 14 or higher was associated with a higher postoperative mortality rate than that seen in patients with a lower MELD-XI score. The MELD-XI scoring system can be used to predict outcomes in patients with advanced heart failure who undergo CF-LVAD implantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine