Purpose: This non-randomized, patient-access protocol, assessed both safety and efficacy outcomes following liposomal muramyl-tripeptide-phosphatidylethanolamine (L-MTP-PE; mifamurtide) in patients with high-risk, recurrent and/or metastatic osteosarcoma. Methods: Patients received mifamurtide 2mg/m2 intravenously twice-weekly ×12 weeks, then weekly ×24 weeks with and without chemotherapy. Serum concentration-time profiles were collected. Adverse events within 24hours of drug administration were classified as infusion-related adverse events (IRAE); other AEs and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Results: The study began therapy in January 2008; the last patient completed therapy in October 2012. Two hundred five patients were enrolled; median age was 16.0 years and 146/205 (71%) had active disease. Mifamurtide serum concentrations declined rapidly in the first 30minutes post-infusion, then in a log-linear manner 2-6hours post-dose; t1/2 was 2hours. There were no readily apparent relationships between age and BSA-normalized clearance, half-life, or pharmacodynamic effects, supporting the dose of 2mg/m2 mifamurtide across the age range. Patients reported 3,679 IRAE after 7,482 mifamurtide infusions. These were very rarely grade 3 or 4 and most commonly included chills+fever or headache+fatigue symptom clusters. One- and 2-year OS was 71.7% and 45.9%. Patients with initial metastatic disease or progression approximated by within 9 months of diagnosis (N=40) had similar 2-year OS (39.9%) as the entire cohort (45.9%) Conclusions: Mifamurtide had a manageable safety profile; PK/PD of mifamurtide in this patient access study was consistent with prior studies. Two-year OS was 45.9%. A randomized clinical trial would be required to definitively determine impact on patient outcomes.
- Biologic therapy
- Macrophage activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health