Mid-Term Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Extremely Large Annuli With Edwards SAPIEN 3 Valve

Aditya Sengupta, Syed Zaid, Norihiko Kamioka, Juan Terre, Masaki Miyasaka, Sameer A. Hirji, Mark Hensey, Nadim Geloo, George Petrossian, Newell Robinson, Eric Sarin, Liam Ryan, Sung Han Yoon, Christina W. Tan, Omar K. Khalique, Susheel K. Kodali, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Pinak B. Shah, S. Chiu Wong, Arash SalemiKapil Sharma, Joseph A. Kozina, Molly A. Szerlip, Creighton W. Don, Sameer Gafoor, Ming Zhang, Zachary Newhart, Samir R. Kapadia, Stephanie L. Mick, Amar Krishnaswamy, Annapoorna Kini, Hasan Ahmad, Steven L. Lansman, Michael J. Mack, John G. Webb, Vasilis Babaliaros, Vinod H. Thourani, Raj R. Makkar, Martin B. Leon, Isaac George, Gilbert H.L. Tang

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the 1-year results of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the Edwards SAPIEN 3 (S3) valve in extremely large annuli. Background: Favorable 30-day outcomes of S3 TAVR in annuli >683 mm2 have previously been reported. Pacemaker implantation rates were acceptable, and a larger left ventricular outflow tract and more eccentric annular anatomy were associated with increasing paravalvular leak. Methods: From December 2013 to December 2018, 105 patients across 15 centers with mean area 721.3 ± 36.1 mm2 (range 683.5 to 852.0 mm2) underwent TAVR using an S3 device. Clinical, anatomic, and procedural characteristics were analyzed. One-year survival and echocardiographic follow-up were reached in 94.3% and 82.1% of patients, respectively. Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 30-day and 1-year outcomes were reported. Results: The mean age was 76.9 ± 10.4 years, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk score averaged 5.2 ± 3.4%. One-year overall mortality and stroke rates were 18.2% and 2.4%, respectively. Quality-of-life index improved from baseline to 30 days and at 1 year (p < 0.001 for both). Mild paravalvular aortic regurgitation occurred in 21.7% of patients, while moderate or greater paravalvular aortic regurgitation occurred in 4.3%. Mild and moderate or severe transvalvular aortic regurgitation occurred in 11.6% and 0%, respectively. Valve gradients remained stable at 1 year. Conclusions: S3 TAVR in annular areas >683 mm2 is feasible, with favorable mid-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2020

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Keywords

  • TAVR
  • aortic stenosis
  • aortic valve
  • large annuli
  • paravalvular leak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Sengupta, A., Zaid, S., Kamioka, N., Terre, J., Miyasaka, M., Hirji, S. A., Hensey, M., Geloo, N., Petrossian, G., Robinson, N., Sarin, E., Ryan, L., Yoon, S. H., Tan, C. W., Khalique, O. K., Kodali, S. K., Kaneko, T., Shah, P. B., Wong, S. C., ... Tang, G. H. L. (2020). Mid-Term Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Extremely Large Annuli With Edwards SAPIEN 3 Valve. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, 13(2), 210-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2019.08.042