Media matters! Alterations in the loading and release of Histoplasma capsulatum extracellular vesicles in response to different nutritional milieus

Levi G. Cleare, Daniel Zamith, Heino M. Heyman, Sneha P. Couvillion, Leonardo Nimrichter, Marcio L. Rodrigues, Ernesto S. Nakayasu, Joshua D. Nosanchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histoplasma capsulatum is a dimorphic fungus that most frequently causes pneumonia, but can also disseminate and proliferate in diverse tissues. Histoplasma capsulatum has a complex secretion system that mediates the release of macromolecule-degrading enzymes and virulence factors. The formation and release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) are an important mechanism for non-conventional secretion in both ascomycetes and basidiomycetes. Histoplasma capsulatum EVs contain diverse proteins associated with virulence and are immunologically active. Despite the growing knowledge of EVs from H. capsulatum and other pathogenic fungi, the extent that changes in the environment impact the sorting of organic molecules in EVs has not been investigated. In this study, we cultivated H. capsulatum with distinct culture media to investigate the potential plasticity in EV loading in response to differences in nutrition. Our findings reveal that nutrition plays an important role in EV loading and formation, which may translate into differences in biological activities of these fungi in various fluids and tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13217
JournalCellular Microbiology
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • BHI
  • Ham's F12
  • Histoplasma capsulatum
  • RPMI
  • USA
  • culture media
  • dimorphic fungus
  • extracellular vesicles
  • histoplasmosis
  • lipidomics
  • metabolomics
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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