Measurement Properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10): Findings From HCHS/SOL

Patricia González, Alicia Nuñez, Erin Merz, Carrie Brintz, Orit Weitzman, Elena L. Navas, Alvaro Camacho, Christina Buelna, Frank J. Penedo, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Krista Perreira, Carmen R. Isasi, James Choca, Gregory A. Talavera, Linda C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a widely used self-report measure of depression symptomatology. This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and measurement invariance of the CES-D 10 in a diverse cohort of Hispanics/Latinos from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The sample consisted of 16,415 Hispanic/Latino adults recruited from 4 field centers (Miami, FL; San Diego, CA; Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL). Participants completed interview administered measures in English or Spanish. The CES-D 10 was examined for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and measurement invariance. The total score for the CES-D 10 displayed acceptable internal consistencies (Cronbach's alpha's = .80-.86) and test-retest reliability (r values = .41-.70) across the total sample, language group and ethnic background group. The total CES-D 10 scores correlated in a theoretically consistent manner with the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, r = .72, p <.001, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression measure, r = .80, p <.001, the Short Form-12's Mental Component Summary, r = -.65, p <.001, and Physical Component Summary score, r = -.25, p <.001. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that a 1-factor model fit the CES-D 10 data well (CFI = .986, RMSEA = .047) after correlating 1 pair of item residual variances. Multiple group analyses showed the 1-factor structure to be invariant across English and Spanish speaking responders and partially invariant across Hispanic/Latino background groups. The total score of the CES-D 10 can be recommended for use with Hispanics/Latinos in English and Spanish. (PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPsychological Assessment
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 13 2016

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Hispanic Americans
Epidemiologic Studies
Depression
Health
Reproducibility of Results
Ethnic Groups
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Language
Anxiety
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • CES-D 10
  • Hispanics/Latinos
  • Measurement invariance
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

González, P., Nuñez, A., Merz, E., Brintz, C., Weitzman, O., Navas, E. L., ... Gallo, L. C. (Accepted/In press). Measurement Properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10): Findings From HCHS/SOL. Psychological Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000330

Measurement Properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) : Findings From HCHS/SOL. / González, Patricia; Nuñez, Alicia; Merz, Erin; Brintz, Carrie; Weitzman, Orit; Navas, Elena L.; Camacho, Alvaro; Buelna, Christina; Penedo, Frank J.; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia; Perreira, Krista; Isasi, Carmen R.; Choca, James; Talavera, Gregory A.; Gallo, Linda C.

In: Psychological Assessment, 13.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

González, P, Nuñez, A, Merz, E, Brintz, C, Weitzman, O, Navas, EL, Camacho, A, Buelna, C, Penedo, FJ, Wassertheil-Smoller, S, Perreira, K, Isasi, CR, Choca, J, Talavera, GA & Gallo, LC 2016, 'Measurement Properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10): Findings From HCHS/SOL', Psychological Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000330
González, Patricia ; Nuñez, Alicia ; Merz, Erin ; Brintz, Carrie ; Weitzman, Orit ; Navas, Elena L. ; Camacho, Alvaro ; Buelna, Christina ; Penedo, Frank J. ; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia ; Perreira, Krista ; Isasi, Carmen R. ; Choca, James ; Talavera, Gregory A. ; Gallo, Linda C. / Measurement Properties of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) : Findings From HCHS/SOL. In: Psychological Assessment. 2016.
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abstract = "The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a widely used self-report measure of depression symptomatology. This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and measurement invariance of the CES-D 10 in a diverse cohort of Hispanics/Latinos from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The sample consisted of 16,415 Hispanic/Latino adults recruited from 4 field centers (Miami, FL; San Diego, CA; Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL). Participants completed interview administered measures in English or Spanish. The CES-D 10 was examined for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and measurement invariance. The total score for the CES-D 10 displayed acceptable internal consistencies (Cronbach's alpha's = .80-.86) and test-retest reliability (r values = .41-.70) across the total sample, language group and ethnic background group. The total CES-D 10 scores correlated in a theoretically consistent manner with the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, r = .72, p <.001, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression measure, r = .80, p <.001, the Short Form-12's Mental Component Summary, r = -.65, p <.001, and Physical Component Summary score, r = -.25, p <.001. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that a 1-factor model fit the CES-D 10 data well (CFI = .986, RMSEA = .047) after correlating 1 pair of item residual variances. Multiple group analyses showed the 1-factor structure to be invariant across English and Spanish speaking responders and partially invariant across Hispanic/Latino background groups. The total score of the CES-D 10 can be recommended for use with Hispanics/Latinos in English and Spanish. (PsycINFO Database Record",
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