Maternal predictors of comorbid trajectories of cigarette smoking and marijuana use from early adolescence to adulthood

Judith S. Brook, Elizabeth Rubenstone, Chenshu Zhang, David W. Brook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This is the first study to examine maternal predictors of comorbid trajectories of cigarette smoking and marijuana use from adolescence to adulthood. Participants (N=806) are part of an on-going longitudinal psychosocial study of mothers and their children. Mothers were administered structured interviews when participants were adolescents, and participants were interviewed at six time waves, from adolescence to adulthood. Mothers and participants independently reported on their relationships when participants were X̄ age 14.1. years. At each time wave, participants answered questions about their cigarette and marijuana use from the previous wave to the present. Latent growth mixture modeling determined the participants' membership in trajectory groups of comorbid smoking and marijuana use, from X̄ ages 14.1 to 36.6. years. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the association of maternal factors (when participants were adolescents) with participants' comorbid trajectory group membership. Findings showed that most maternal risk (e.g., mother-child conflict, maternal smoking) and protective (e.g., maternal affection) factors predicted participants' membership in trajectory groups of greater and lesser comorbid substance use, respectively. Clinical implications include the importance of addressing the mother-child relationship in prevention and treatment programs for comorbid cigarette smoking and marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-143
Number of pages5
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Comorbid tobacco and marijuana use
  • Comorbid trajectories
  • Longitudinal substance use
  • Maternal risk and protective factors
  • Maternal smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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