Management of Ischemic Heart Disease in Pregnancy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Cardiovascular disease is an escalating cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Women are at risk for acute myocardial infarction (MI), and more are living with risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD). The purpose of this review is to describe the evaluation and management of women at risk for and diagnosed with IHD in pregnancy. Recent Findings: Pregnancy can provoke MI which has been estimated as occurring in 1.5–10/100, 000 deliveries or 1/12,400 hospitalizations, with a high inpatient mortality rate of approximately 5–7%. An invasive strategy may or may not be preferred, but fetal radiation exposure is less of a concern in comparison to maternal mortality. Common medications used to treat IHD may be continued successfully during pregnancy and lactation, including aspirin, which has an emerging role in pregnancy to prevent preeclampsia, preterm labor, and maternal mortality. Hemodynamics can be modulated during pregnancy, labor, and postpartum to mitigate risk for acute decompensation in women with IHD. Summary: Cardiologists can successfully manage IHD in pregnancy with obstetric partners and should engage women in a lifetime of cardiovascular care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number52
JournalCurrent atherosclerosis reports
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiac
  • Heart
  • Ischemia
  • Maternal mortality
  • Pregnancy
  • Secondary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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