Microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) is a family of heat-stable, phosphoproteins expressed predominantly in the cell body and dendrites of neurons. Three major MAP-2 isoforms, (MAP-2a, MAP-2b, MAP-2c) are differentially expressed during the development of the nervous system and have an important role in microtubule dynamics. Several MAP-2 cDNA clones that correspond to the major MAP-2 transcripts and additional, novel MAP-2 transcripts expressed in the CNS and PNS have been characterized. The transcripts result from the alternative splicing of a single MAP-2 gene consisting of 20 exons. Studies are now being directed toward understanding the role of the multiple MAP-2 forms that contain novel exons in the nervous system. The expression, localization, and possible functions of the newly identified spliced forms are the focus of this review.
- MAP-2 gene structure
- MAP-2 transcripts
- Microtubule-associated protein-2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience