Long duration variability of mrk 421

A. J. Smith, A. A. Abdo, B. Allen, D. Berley, S. Casanova, C. Chen, D. G. Coyne, B. L. Dingus, R. W. Ellsworth, L. Fleysher, Roman Fleysher, M. M. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, E. Hays, C. M. Hoffman, B. Hopper, P. H. Hüntemeyer, B. E. Kolterman, C. P. Lansdell, J. T. LinnemannJ. E. Mcenery, A. I. Mincer, P. Nemethy, D. Noyes, J. M. Ryan, P. M. Saz Parkinson, A. Shoup, G. Sinnis, G. W. Sullivan, V. Vasileiou, G. P. Walker, D. A. Williams, X. W. Xu, G. B. Yodh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Active Galaxies such as Mrk 421 have been shown to be highly variable at all time scales. Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (ACTs) have excellent instantaneous sensitivity and have observed short bright flares from Mrk 421. However, long duration variability is difficult to monitor with ACTs due to their intermittent exposure. Milagro, in contrast, monitorsMrk 421 with daily observations. While Milagro lacks the sensitivity to detect short duration flares unless they are i extremely bright, it is well suited to make long duration monitoring of the total flux of Mrk 421 on time scales from months to years. In this paper we present the long duration variability and total fluence of Mrk 421 using 6 years of data from Milagro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007
PublisherUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Pages973-976
Number of pages4
Volume3
EditionOG PART 2
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007 - Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
Duration: Jul 3 2007Jul 11 2007

Other

Other30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007
CountryMexico
CityMerida, Yucatan
Period7/3/077/11/07

Fingerprint

flares
telescopes
active galaxies
sensitivity
fluence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Smith, A. J., Abdo, A. A., Allen, B., Berley, D., Casanova, S., Chen, C., ... Yodh, G. B. (2007). Long duration variability of mrk 421. In Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007 (OG PART 2 ed., Vol. 3, pp. 973-976). Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.

Long duration variability of mrk 421. / Smith, A. J.; Abdo, A. A.; Allen, B.; Berley, D.; Casanova, S.; Chen, C.; Coyne, D. G.; Dingus, B. L.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Fleysher, L.; Fleysher, Roman; Gonzalez, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Hays, E.; Hoffman, C. M.; Hopper, B.; Hüntemeyer, P. H.; Kolterman, B. E.; Lansdell, C. P.; Linnemann, J. T.; Mcenery, J. E.; Mincer, A. I.; Nemethy, P.; Noyes, D.; Ryan, J. M.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Shoup, A.; Sinnis, G.; Sullivan, G. W.; Vasileiou, V.; Walker, G. P.; Williams, D. A.; Xu, X. W.; Yodh, G. B.

Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007. Vol. 3 OG PART 2. ed. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2007. p. 973-976.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Smith, AJ, Abdo, AA, Allen, B, Berley, D, Casanova, S, Chen, C, Coyne, DG, Dingus, BL, Ellsworth, RW, Fleysher, L, Fleysher, R, Gonzalez, MM, Goodman, JA, Hays, E, Hoffman, CM, Hopper, B, Hüntemeyer, PH, Kolterman, BE, Lansdell, CP, Linnemann, JT, Mcenery, JE, Mincer, AI, Nemethy, P, Noyes, D, Ryan, JM, Saz Parkinson, PM, Shoup, A, Sinnis, G, Sullivan, GW, Vasileiou, V, Walker, GP, Williams, DA, Xu, XW & Yodh, GB 2007, Long duration variability of mrk 421. in Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007. OG PART 2 edn, vol. 3, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, pp. 973-976, 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, 7/3/07.
Smith AJ, Abdo AA, Allen B, Berley D, Casanova S, Chen C et al. Long duration variability of mrk 421. In Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007. OG PART 2 ed. Vol. 3. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. 2007. p. 973-976
Smith, A. J. ; Abdo, A. A. ; Allen, B. ; Berley, D. ; Casanova, S. ; Chen, C. ; Coyne, D. G. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Fleysher, L. ; Fleysher, Roman ; Gonzalez, M. M. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Hays, E. ; Hoffman, C. M. ; Hopper, B. ; Hüntemeyer, P. H. ; Kolterman, B. E. ; Lansdell, C. P. ; Linnemann, J. T. ; Mcenery, J. E. ; Mincer, A. I. ; Nemethy, P. ; Noyes, D. ; Ryan, J. M. ; Saz Parkinson, P. M. ; Shoup, A. ; Sinnis, G. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Vasileiou, V. ; Walker, G. P. ; Williams, D. A. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yodh, G. B. / Long duration variability of mrk 421. Proceedings of the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2007. Vol. 3 OG PART 2. ed. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2007. pp. 973-976
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AU - Abdo, A. A.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Casanova, S.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Coyne, D. G.

AU - Dingus, B. L.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

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AU - Fleysher, Roman

AU - Gonzalez, M. M.

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AU - Hüntemeyer, P. H.

AU - Kolterman, B. E.

AU - Lansdell, C. P.

AU - Linnemann, J. T.

AU - Mcenery, J. E.

AU - Mincer, A. I.

AU - Nemethy, P.

AU - Noyes, D.

AU - Ryan, J. M.

AU - Saz Parkinson, P. M.

AU - Shoup, A.

AU - Sinnis, G.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Vasileiou, V.

AU - Walker, G. P.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yodh, G. B.

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