Localized laryngeal amyloidosis: A systematic review

Kavya K. Pai, Ariel O. Omiunu, Pablo A. Llerena, Samantha M. Shave, Harsh A. Desai, Christina H. Fang, Jean Anderson Eloy, Vy Vy N. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The larynx is the most common site of localized head and neck amyloidosis. Our study aimed to review the clinical features, treatments, and outcomes associated with localized laryngeal amyloidosis (LA). We also compared these features between two different time periods to evaluate the evolution of LA management. Methods: A literature search using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane Library identified cases of LA published between 1891 and 2021. Biopsy-proven cases of localized LA were included. Non-English studies, animal studies, and reviews were excluded. Results: 282 patients (1891–1999: 142 patients, 2000–2021: 140 patients) from 129 studies were included. Results are reported as 1891–2000 vs. 2000–2021: Mean age was 48.5 years (range, 8–90 years) vs. 46.0 years (range, 9–84 years). The most common presenting symptoms were dysphonia (n = 30, 95 % vs. n = 127, 96 %) and difficulty breathing (n = 37, 27 % vs. n = 35, 27 %). A total of 62 (44 %) vs. 46 (33 %) lesions were found in the true vocal folds and 35 (25 %) vs. 59 (42 %) were found in the false vocal folds. 133 (94 %) vs. 137 (98 %) patients underwent surgical interventions to investigate and/or treat LA. Recurrent LA was reported in 27 (19 %) vs. 33 (24 %) patients with a mean time to recurrence of 25.4 months (range, 0.3–132 months) vs. 34.5 months (range, 0.8–144 months). Of cases reporting survival rate, 104 (97 %) vs. 107 (99 %) were alive at source study endpoints. Conclusion: LA typically exhibits an indolent course; therefore, early intervention may address longstanding symptoms. Recurrent disease poses a clinical challenge in patients with LA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103550
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Keywords

  • Amyloidosis
  • Benign laryngeal disease
  • Localized amyloidosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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