The role of splenectomy in the management of immune thrombocytopenia purpura is well known. Recent improvements in laparoscopic technology have significantly expanded the variety of general surgical procedures amenable to a minimally invasive approach. An initial experience of four cases of immune thrombocytopenic purpura managed by laparoscopic splenectomy is presented. The entire procedure was completed under laparoscopic guidance in three of four cases, and a counterincision was required to control bleeding in one patient. The procedure is performed with five operating ports including a camera port, two retraction ports, and two dissection ports. Dissection begins at the lower pole of the spleen and progresses cephalad to the hilum where major vessels are individually ligated and divided. The short gastric vessels are divided with a linear laparoscopic stapler. The lateral peritoneal attachments are divided, and the spleen is removed intact through a 6 cm fascial incision at the umbilicus. Laparoscopic splenectomy appears to be a safe and efficacious procedure that is useful in the management of certain hematologic diseases and may ultimately be performed for a variety of pathologic conditions involving the spleen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1993|
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