Purpose: It has been suggested that routine division of short gastric vessels (SGVs) results in a more "floppy" Nissen fundoplication leading to improved outcomes, that is, less dysphagia and lower incidences of recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this retrospective study was to assess whether laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication without division of SGVs (Rossetti modification) (laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication [LNRF]) is associated with acceptable clinical outcome in children. Method: The charts of 368 children who underwent LNRF between January 1996 and September 2004 by 1 primary surgeon were retrospectively reviewed. Children were divided into 2 groups: LNRF + gastrostomy (A) and LNRF alone (B). Mean follow-up period of all groups was 4.2 years. Results: Laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication was completed in 99% (365/368). Mean operating time for group A was 74 minutes and 61 minutes for group B. None in group A required postoperative esophageal dilatation, and 9 in group B (22.5%) required 12 dilatations; 3.6% developed recurrent GERD, 3.7% in group A and 2.5% in group B. Conclusion: Laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication can be performed with acceptable long-term outcome in children, especially in the majority also requiring chronic gastrostomy access. Short-term, reversible dysphagia may be seen in a small percentage of children having fundoplication alone.
- Nissen fundoplication
- Short gastric vessels
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health