Language disorders and epilepsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Language disorders in children may be associated with epileptiform abnormalities on EEG. A controversy exists as to whether the epileptic discharges themselves produce the cognitive dysfunction or if they are an epiphenomenon of the underlying brain abnormality. Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), electrical status epilepticus in sleep, developmental dysphasias and possibly autism are the language disorders in which there is the strongest association between epileptiform abnormalities and cognitive dysfunction. Although the pathological substrate of these disorders remains unknown, there are indications that the electrophysiologic abnormality may contribute to the cognitive deficits. Treatment of these disorders is similarly controversial, but there is some literature which suggests that medical therapy which either conventional antiepileptic medications or steroids may be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalBrazilian Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume2
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Language Disorders
Epilepsy
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
Status Epilepticus
Aphasia
Autistic Disorder
Anticonvulsants
Electroencephalography
Sleep
Steroids
Brain
Therapeutics
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • epilepsy
  • Landau-Kleffner syndrome
  • language disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Language disorders and epilepsy. / Ballaban-Gil, Karen R.

In: Brazilian Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1996, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9f0ef591248a4de1b2a7112c399bf05b,
title = "Language disorders and epilepsy",
abstract = "Language disorders in children may be associated with epileptiform abnormalities on EEG. A controversy exists as to whether the epileptic discharges themselves produce the cognitive dysfunction or if they are an epiphenomenon of the underlying brain abnormality. Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), electrical status epilepticus in sleep, developmental dysphasias and possibly autism are the language disorders in which there is the strongest association between epileptiform abnormalities and cognitive dysfunction. Although the pathological substrate of these disorders remains unknown, there are indications that the electrophysiologic abnormality may contribute to the cognitive deficits. Treatment of these disorders is similarly controversial, but there is some literature which suggests that medical therapy which either conventional antiepileptic medications or steroids may be beneficial.",
keywords = "epilepsy, Landau-Kleffner syndrome, language disorders",
author = "Ballaban-Gil, {Karen R.}",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "13--20",
journal = "Brazilian Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology",
issn = "0104-9275",
publisher = "Servico De Neurologia Do Hospital Sao Lucas Da Pucrs",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Language disorders and epilepsy

AU - Ballaban-Gil, Karen R.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Language disorders in children may be associated with epileptiform abnormalities on EEG. A controversy exists as to whether the epileptic discharges themselves produce the cognitive dysfunction or if they are an epiphenomenon of the underlying brain abnormality. Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), electrical status epilepticus in sleep, developmental dysphasias and possibly autism are the language disorders in which there is the strongest association between epileptiform abnormalities and cognitive dysfunction. Although the pathological substrate of these disorders remains unknown, there are indications that the electrophysiologic abnormality may contribute to the cognitive deficits. Treatment of these disorders is similarly controversial, but there is some literature which suggests that medical therapy which either conventional antiepileptic medications or steroids may be beneficial.

AB - Language disorders in children may be associated with epileptiform abnormalities on EEG. A controversy exists as to whether the epileptic discharges themselves produce the cognitive dysfunction or if they are an epiphenomenon of the underlying brain abnormality. Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), electrical status epilepticus in sleep, developmental dysphasias and possibly autism are the language disorders in which there is the strongest association between epileptiform abnormalities and cognitive dysfunction. Although the pathological substrate of these disorders remains unknown, there are indications that the electrophysiologic abnormality may contribute to the cognitive deficits. Treatment of these disorders is similarly controversial, but there is some literature which suggests that medical therapy which either conventional antiepileptic medications or steroids may be beneficial.

KW - epilepsy

KW - Landau-Kleffner syndrome

KW - language disorders

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029988210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029988210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029988210

VL - 2

SP - 13

EP - 20

JO - Brazilian Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology

JF - Brazilian Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology

SN - 0104-9275

IS - 1

ER -