Determination of the protein-protein interactions of connexins has become a rapidly expanding field of research. While there are multiple methods of determining the identity of binding partners, determination of the strengths of interactions is not as simple. Here we describe the use of the in vitro method Enzyme Linked Sorbent Assay (ELSA) to compare binding affinities of known protein partners for Connexin43. We used the binding of Cx43 Carboxyl Terminal domain to the PDZ-2 domain of Zonula Occludens-1 and to the SH3 domain of c-Src. In the ELSA assay we found that while the binding of the SH3 domain of c-Src is pH-dependent, the interaction of the PDZ domain of ZO-1 is not. These data confirm findings using Surface Plasmon Resonance (1) and indicate that ELSA can be a useful tool in determining the kinetics of protein-protein interactions.
- Connexin-protein interactions
- Gap junctions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology