Floppy eyelid syndrome is a recently described entity, which characteristically involves overweight individuals. The characteristic findings are an upper lid that may be readily everted, tarsal laxity, and diffuse papillary conjunctival changes. The cause of floppy eyelid syndrome is believed to be a mechanical disorder due to the eversion of the lids while sleeping. The cause of keratoconus remains uncertain. There are strong proponents to a mechanical etiology for this disease. The authors report five cases of floppy eyelid syndrome with concomitant keratoconus. One patient with bilateral keratoconus had bilateral symmetric floppy eyelid syndrome. The other four patients had asymmetric keratoconus and floppy eyelid syndrome. In all four patients, the keratoconus was significantly worse in the eye with the more severe case of floppy eyelid syndrome. In addition, these four patients all gave a history of sleeping with their head facing predominantly on the side with the floppy eyelid syndrome and keratoconus. Two patients with keratoconus and floppy eyelid syndrome were able to undergo successful contact lens rehabilitation of their keratoconus after treatment of the floppy eyelid syndrome.
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