A multitude of environmental signaling molecules influence monocyte and macrophage innate and adaptive immune responses, including ATP and prostanoids. Interestingly, purinergic (P2) and eicosanoid receptor signaling interact such that the activation of P2 receptors leads to prostanoid production, which can then interfere with P2Y-mediated macrophage migration. Recent studies suggest that blockade of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) in macrophages can activate a permeation pathway involved in the influx of dye and the release of ATP. Here, we provide evidence that pannexin1 (Panx1) is a component of this pathway and present the intracellular signaling molecules linking the thromboxane (TP) receptor to Panx1-mediated dye influx and ATP release. Using pharmacological tools and transgenic mice deficient in Panx1, we show that two 5-LOX pathway inhibitors induce ATP release and influx of dye in a Panx1-dependent manner. Electrophysiological recordings performed in wild-type and Panx1-deficient macrophages confirmed that these 5-LOX pathway inhibitors activate currents characteristic of Panx1 channels. We found that the mechanism by which Panx1 channels are activated under this condition involves activation of the TP receptor that is mediated by the cAMP/PKA pathway. This is to our knowledge the first evidence for the involvement of Panx1 in the TP receptor signaling pathway. Future studies aimed to clarify the contribution of this TP-Panx1 signaling network to macrophage immune responses are likely to be important for targeting inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2014|
- ATP release
- Dye uptake
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology