Influence of iron on mineral status of two rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars

Vivian C. Da Silveira, Anna P. De Oliveira, Raul A. Sperotto, Luciana S. Espindola, Lívio Amaral, Johnny F. Dias, João B. Da Cunha, Janette P. Fett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Iron is an essential nutrient for plants. In aerobic conditions, Fe is highly unavailable for plant uptake, and Fe deficiency can be severe in plants grown in calcareous soils. In waterlogged soils, however, Fe availability increases and can reach toxic concentrations. Rice is an important staple crop worldwide and faces iron deficiency or excess, depending on the growth conditions. To contribute to the study of mechanisms involved in response to Fe deficiency and resistance to Fe excess, experiments were carried out with rice cultivars BR-IRGA 409 (I409, susceptible to Fe toxicity) and EPAGRI 108 (E108, resistant to Fe toxicity) grown in culture solutions and submitted to Fe excess, control concentration or deficiency (500, 6.5 or zero mg L-1 Fe, respectively). Analysis of shoot dry weight confirmed the resistance of E108 plants to Fe excess. Mössbauer spectroscopy analysis indicated the presence of four different Fe3+compounds. The parameters obtained match those expected for ferrihydrite, lepidocrocite (and/or citrate) and Fe-nicotianamine. Mineral concentrations were determined using the PIXE (Particle Induced X-Ray Emission) technique. E108 plants had lower Fe concentrations than 1409 plants when exposed to excess Fe. Except for lower Mn levels in roots and shoots, the excess of Fe did not result in lower nutrient concentrations in the susceptible cultivar compared to the resistant one. I409 plants seem to be affected directly by Fe toxicity rather than by secondary effects on mineral nutrition, whereas E108 plants seem to make use of the avoidance mechanism in the resistance to Fe overload. Both cultivars responded to Fe deficiency with allocation of P from roots to shoots. In addition to being more resistant to iron overload, E108 plants seem to be more efficient in inducing Fe deficiency responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalBrazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ferritin
  • Iron deficiency
  • Iron toxicity; Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Oryza sativa
  • PIXE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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