Induction of endotoxin tolerance with monophosphoryl lipid A in peritonitis: importance of localized therapy.

M. E. Astiz, Dhanonjoy C. Saha, C. M. Carpati, E. C. Rackow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endotoxin is a principle mediator of septic shock during peritonitis. Induction of endotoxin tolerance with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a nontoxic derivative of lipid A, improves survival from peritonitis. The induction of tolerance with intravenous versus intraperitoneal administration of MPL before peritonitis was compared. Mice were pretreated with varying doses of MPL (intravenously) and MPL (intraperitoneally) 48 hours before peritonitis was induced by cecal ligation and perforation. Survival was determined at 72 hours, and serum and peritoneal levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) were assayed at 24 hours. Survival was 0% in control animals, 20% in MPL (100 micrograms intravenously) animals, and 70% in MPL (100 micrograms intraperitoneally) animals (p <0.05 versus control, MPL [intravenously]). Cytokine release was compared in control animals and animals receiving MPL 100 micrograms (intraperitoneally) or MPL 100 micrograms (intravenously). In MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals, serum and peritoneal TNF-alpha levels, 160 +/- 7 pg/ml and 204 +/- 25 pg/ml, were significantly lower than those in control animals, 429 +/- 34 pg/ml and 642 +/- 108 pg/ml, and MPL (intravenously)-treated animals, 302 +/- 68 pg/ml and 495 +/- 97 pg/ml, (p <0.05). Similarly, IL-1 alpha levels were significantly lower in MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals than in control animals. Because the development of tolerance appears to be a cytokine-mediated process, a subsequent experiment compared peritoneal and serum TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha levels at 2 hours after MPL (intraperitoneally) or MPL (intravenously). Peritoneal TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha release was greatest after MPL (intraperitoneally); serum levels were greatest after MPL (intravenously).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume123
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Peritonitis
Endotoxins
Animals
Interleukin-1alpha
Therapeutics
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
monophosphoryl lipid A
Serum
Cytokines
Lipid A
Septic Shock
Ligation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Induction of endotoxin tolerance with monophosphoryl lipid A in peritonitis : importance of localized therapy. / Astiz, M. E.; Saha, Dhanonjoy C.; Carpati, C. M.; Rackow, E. C.

In: Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, Vol. 123, No. 1, 01.1994, p. 89-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Endotoxin is a principle mediator of septic shock during peritonitis. Induction of endotoxin tolerance with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a nontoxic derivative of lipid A, improves survival from peritonitis. The induction of tolerance with intravenous versus intraperitoneal administration of MPL before peritonitis was compared. Mice were pretreated with varying doses of MPL (intravenously) and MPL (intraperitoneally) 48 hours before peritonitis was induced by cecal ligation and perforation. Survival was determined at 72 hours, and serum and peritoneal levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) were assayed at 24 hours. Survival was 0{\%} in control animals, 20{\%} in MPL (100 micrograms intravenously) animals, and 70{\%} in MPL (100 micrograms intraperitoneally) animals (p <0.05 versus control, MPL [intravenously]). Cytokine release was compared in control animals and animals receiving MPL 100 micrograms (intraperitoneally) or MPL 100 micrograms (intravenously). In MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals, serum and peritoneal TNF-alpha levels, 160 +/- 7 pg/ml and 204 +/- 25 pg/ml, were significantly lower than those in control animals, 429 +/- 34 pg/ml and 642 +/- 108 pg/ml, and MPL (intravenously)-treated animals, 302 +/- 68 pg/ml and 495 +/- 97 pg/ml, (p <0.05). Similarly, IL-1 alpha levels were significantly lower in MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals than in control animals. Because the development of tolerance appears to be a cytokine-mediated process, a subsequent experiment compared peritoneal and serum TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha levels at 2 hours after MPL (intraperitoneally) or MPL (intravenously). Peritoneal TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha release was greatest after MPL (intraperitoneally); serum levels were greatest after MPL (intravenously).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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N2 - Endotoxin is a principle mediator of septic shock during peritonitis. Induction of endotoxin tolerance with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a nontoxic derivative of lipid A, improves survival from peritonitis. The induction of tolerance with intravenous versus intraperitoneal administration of MPL before peritonitis was compared. Mice were pretreated with varying doses of MPL (intravenously) and MPL (intraperitoneally) 48 hours before peritonitis was induced by cecal ligation and perforation. Survival was determined at 72 hours, and serum and peritoneal levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) were assayed at 24 hours. Survival was 0% in control animals, 20% in MPL (100 micrograms intravenously) animals, and 70% in MPL (100 micrograms intraperitoneally) animals (p <0.05 versus control, MPL [intravenously]). Cytokine release was compared in control animals and animals receiving MPL 100 micrograms (intraperitoneally) or MPL 100 micrograms (intravenously). In MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals, serum and peritoneal TNF-alpha levels, 160 +/- 7 pg/ml and 204 +/- 25 pg/ml, were significantly lower than those in control animals, 429 +/- 34 pg/ml and 642 +/- 108 pg/ml, and MPL (intravenously)-treated animals, 302 +/- 68 pg/ml and 495 +/- 97 pg/ml, (p <0.05). Similarly, IL-1 alpha levels were significantly lower in MPL (intraperitoneally)-treated animals than in control animals. Because the development of tolerance appears to be a cytokine-mediated process, a subsequent experiment compared peritoneal and serum TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha levels at 2 hours after MPL (intraperitoneally) or MPL (intravenously). Peritoneal TNF-alpha and IL-1 alpha release was greatest after MPL (intraperitoneally); serum levels were greatest after MPL (intravenously).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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