Individualized Learning Plan (ILP) Is an Effective Tool in Assessing Achievement of Otology-related Subcompetency Milestones

Maja Svrakic, John P. Bent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the individualized learning plan (ILP) as a tool in assessment of residents' milestone achievements as they pertain to Otology subcompetencies: Chronic Ear Disease, Pediatric Otitis Media, and Hearing Loss. Study Design: Prospective study. Methods: Twenty otolaryngology residents were instructed to use an ILP and identify six milestones from three otology-related subcompetencies to focus on during the course of a 3-month rotation. They were also asked to plan out specific activities which would help them achieve these milestones, to specify whether or not they successfully achieved them, by what instructional or learning methods and to identify any barriers. The completed ILPs were reviewed by a faculty member. Main Outcome Measures: The effectiveness of the ILP was assessed by response compliance rate, corroboration of self-reported milestone achievement with faculty evaluations and the ability to set attainable milestones. Results: There was 95% compliance in using an ILP to achieve milestones. Self-reported milestone scores corresponded to the faculty evaluations in a large majority (89.6%) of patients, and tended to be underestimated by the residents. Out of 114 total milestones identified, 44 (38.6%) were not achieved, with particular overestimation in the use of independent study as a learning method. Conclusion: The ILP is an effective tool in measuring residents' achievement of otology-related milestones, and could possibly be used to supplement or replace faculty assessment. The ILP provides valuable information on barriers to achieving milestones and informs trainees on how to set attainable goals as they pertain to patient care and medical knowledge in otology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-822
Number of pages7
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Fingerprint

Otolaryngology
Learning
Ear Diseases
Aptitude
Otitis Media
Hearing Loss
Compliance
Patient Care
Chronic Disease
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • ACGME milestones
  • Educational barrier
  • Evaluation bias
  • Individualized learning plan
  • Learner-centered education
  • Otolaryngology residency
  • Otology curriculum
  • Resident competency evaluation
  • Self-evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Individualized Learning Plan (ILP) Is an Effective Tool in Assessing Achievement of Otology-related Subcompetency Milestones. / Svrakic, Maja; Bent, John P.

In: Otology and Neurotology, Vol. 39, No. 7, 01.08.2018, p. 816-822.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: To investigate the individualized learning plan (ILP) as a tool in assessment of residents' milestone achievements as they pertain to Otology subcompetencies: Chronic Ear Disease, Pediatric Otitis Media, and Hearing Loss. Study Design: Prospective study. Methods: Twenty otolaryngology residents were instructed to use an ILP and identify six milestones from three otology-related subcompetencies to focus on during the course of a 3-month rotation. They were also asked to plan out specific activities which would help them achieve these milestones, to specify whether or not they successfully achieved them, by what instructional or learning methods and to identify any barriers. The completed ILPs were reviewed by a faculty member. Main Outcome Measures: The effectiveness of the ILP was assessed by response compliance rate, corroboration of self-reported milestone achievement with faculty evaluations and the ability to set attainable milestones. Results: There was 95{\%} compliance in using an ILP to achieve milestones. Self-reported milestone scores corresponded to the faculty evaluations in a large majority (89.6{\%}) of patients, and tended to be underestimated by the residents. Out of 114 total milestones identified, 44 (38.6{\%}) were not achieved, with particular overestimation in the use of independent study as a learning method. Conclusion: The ILP is an effective tool in measuring residents' achievement of otology-related milestones, and could possibly be used to supplement or replace faculty assessment. The ILP provides valuable information on barriers to achieving milestones and informs trainees on how to set attainable goals as they pertain to patient care and medical knowledge in otology.",
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