Increased axonal transport in the rat optic system after systemic exposure to methylmercury: differential effects in local vs systemic exposure conditions

Michael Aschner, Patricia M. Rodier, Jacob N. Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Axonal transport was studied by several techniques in the optic system of adult female Long-Evans rats following systemic exposure to methylmercury in 5 mM Na2CO3. Control rats were treated with the buffer alone. Four mg Hg/kg body weight for 4-6 days, or for 12 days, induced significant changes in the rate of protein synthesis in the retinal cells and in the rate of propagation of protein-bound radioactivity along the ganglion cell axons. Axonal transport of particulate material in both groups treated with methylmercury increased to a rate of 147 mm/day compared to 93 mm/day in controls. Methylmercury was distributed evenly throughout the retinogeniculate system. No clinical neuropathy was evident in either mercury-treated group. It is proposed that the increased rates of transport may represent an adaptive compensatory response to distal axonopathy caused by methylmercury. To investigate why systemic dosing produced effects opposite to those observed with local application of MeHg, various doses of MeHg were tested in the local and systemic paradigms, including doses which yielded equal concentrations of Hg in the retina. The results indicate that the differential response between the two treatment conditions is not a function of local dose, per se. Local and systematic application produce different dose-effect curves, which do not coincide at any dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume401
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 1987
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoradiography
  • Axonal transport
  • Methylmercury
  • Methylmercury 203
  • Protein synthesis
  • Rat
  • Scintillation spectrometry
  • [H]Proline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increased axonal transport in the rat optic system after systemic exposure to methylmercury: differential effects in local vs systemic exposure conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this