Implementing an integrated community based health systems strengthening approach to improve HIV survival in Northern Togo

Kevin P. Fiori, Hayley M. Belli, Molly E. Lauria, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Jennifer Schechter, Emily Hansman, Nandita Rajshekhar, Venance Katin, Sesso Gbeleou, Meskerem Grunitsky-Bekele, Vincent Palokinam Pitche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

To disseminate lessons learned from the implementation experience of a public-private sector partnership, we describe a comprehensive HIV/AIDS program including 5-year survival outcomes for individuals who initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment in Togo from 2010 to 2015. A retrospective case study analysis was conducted from a cohort of patients receiving ART at an HIV/AIDS care clinic in Kara Region, Togo. Kaplan-Meier curves with Log rank tests were used to compare estimated survival curves by demographic and clinical characteristics. Associations were described between survival probability and age, gender, World Health Organization (WHO) disease stage, and timing of ART initiation. Cox proportional hazard model was used to determine predictors of mortality. After approximately five-years since ART initiation (1780 days), there were 114 deaths, with a survival probability of 75.3% (95% CI: 70.3–80.6%). Participants with advanced WHO disease stage were more likely at risk of death relative to patients categorized as WHO Stage 1, with Stage 4 approximately 9 times more likely (aHR 9.22, 95% CI 4.29–19.84). Our study suggests that delivering comprehensive HIV care through a private-public partnership may serve as a model to expand and improve HIV/AIDS care as well as high quality primary care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-713
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2020

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Health systems strengthening
  • Togo
  • community health workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Fiori, K. P., Belli, H. M., Lauria, M. E., Hirschhorn, L. R., Schechter, J., Hansman, E., Rajshekhar, N., Katin, V., Gbeleou, S., Grunitsky-Bekele, M., & Pitche, V. P. (2020). Implementing an integrated community based health systems strengthening approach to improve HIV survival in Northern Togo. AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 32(6), 705-713. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1626342