Identification of the overtone of the Fe-CO stretching mode in heme proteins: A probe of the heme active site

Jianling Wang, Satoshi Takahashi, Denis L. Rousseau

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Abstract

Two CO-isotope sensitive lines have been detected in the overtone region of the resonance Raman spectra of CO-bound hemeproteins. One line is assigned as the overtone of the Fe-CO stretching mode and is located in the 1000- to 1070-cm-1 region. The other line is found in the 1180- to 1210-cm-1 region and is assigned as a combination between a porphyrin mode, ν7, and the Fe-CO stretching mode. The high intensities of these lines, which in the terminal oxidase class of proteins are of the same order as those of the fundamental stretching mode, indicate that the mechanism of enhancement for modes involving the Fe-CO moiety is different from that for the modes of the porphyrin macrocycle and call for reexamination of Raman theory of porphyrins as applied to axial ligands. The anharmonicity of the electronic potential function was evaluated, revealing that in the terminal oxidases the anharmonicity is greater than in the other heme proteins that were examined, suggesting a distinctive interaction of the bound CO with its distal environment in this family. Furthermore, the anharmonicity correlates with the frequency of the C-O stretching mode, demonstrating that both of these parameters are sensitive to the Fe-CO bond energy. The overtone and combination lines involving the bound CO promise to be additional probes of heme protein structural properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9402-9406
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume92
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 1995
Externally publishedYes

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